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Table 2 Association between CTGF expression and clinicopathologic characteristics of patients with gastric cancer (n = 110)

From: Downregulation of connective tissue growth factor inhibits the growth and invasion of gastric cancer cells and attenuates peritoneal dissemination

  CTGF expression  
  Negative Positive P value
Gender    
Male 33 34 0.779
Female 20 23  
Age (years)    
≤ 65 35 40 0.642
> 65 18 17  
Tumor size (cm)    
< 5 26 25 0.585
≥ 5 27 32  
Tumor location    
Lower 42 37 0.413
Middle 5 8  
Upper 3 6  
Entire 3 6  
Histologic grade    
Differentiated 26 17 0.039*
Undifferentiated 27 40  
Lauren grade    
Intestinal 28 21 0.108
Diffuse 25 36  
Lymph node metastasis    
Negative 23 12 0.012*
Positive 30 45  
TNM stage    
I 11 8 0.080
II 15 9  
III 20 22  
IV 7 18  
Hepatic metastasis    
Negative 50 55 0.588
Positive 3 2  
Peritoneal dissemination    
Negative 50 44 0.011*
Positive 3 13  
  1. *P < 0.05; CTGF, connective tissue growth factor.