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Table 1 Patients' characteristics

From: Expression of the bile acid receptor FXR in Barrett's esophagus and enhancement of apoptosis by guggulsterone in vitro

  Normal esophagus (n = 6) Reflux esophagitis (n = 6) Barrett's esophagus (n = 6) Esophagus adenocarcinoma (n = 6)
Age [years] 55 ± 7 50 ± 9 78 ± 3 79 ± 8
Male [%] 17 50 67 67
Reflux symptom index score 1.9 ± 0.9 3.8 ± 1.8 1.3 ± 1.2 1.5 ± 1
Proton pump inhibitor medication [%] 33 67 67 100
Smoker [%] 33 33 33 33
Alcohol intake >20 g/d [%] 17 67 50 33
Caucasian ethnicity [%] 100 100 100 100