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Table 1 Different tools for molecular profiling at the genomic, transcriptomic, and protein levels

From: From bench to bedside: current and future applications of molecular profiling in renal cell carcinoma

   • Comparative Genomic Hybridization (CGH)
   • Array-based CGH
   • Single Nucleotide Pleomorphism (SNP)
   • Multi-colour FISH
   • high-throughput sequencing techniques (hybridization-based, cycle-based, and single molecule based)
   • High-throughput analysis of methylation.
   • Spectral karyotyping (SKY)
   • Microarray
• mRNA
• microRNA
   • Serial Analysis of Gene Expression (SAGE)
   • Expressed Sequence Tags (EST)
   • Digital Differential Display (DDD)
   • Single Nucleotide Pleomorphism (SNP)
   • Quantitative RT-PCR
   • High throughout sequencing
   • In-situ hybridization
   • Mass spectrometry (different versions)
   • Protein microarray
   • Tissue microarray
   • Chromatography