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Fig. 1 | Molecular Cancer

Fig. 1

From: Circular RNAs in human cancer

Fig. 1

The biogenesis of circRNAs. a Alternative splicing of an RNA precursor. A linear RNA precursor can be cis-spliced into linear RNA, including mRNA and lncRNA. Special sequences, such as Alu, in the RNA precursor can combine to form a cycle and lead the spliceosome to produce different types of circRNAs through back splicing. b Different circRNAs have different back splicing mechanisms. Exonic circRNAs have cycling sequences, such as the Alu sequence, on the two sides. The two sequences bind to each other complementarily and are then spliced by the spliceosome, which consists of U2 and U6. Intronic circRNAs form a cycle through the combination of upstream introns of the GU rich sequence and the downstream C rich sequence, and they are spliced by spliceosome

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