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Table 1 The regulatory role of tumor cell-derived exosomes in tumor progression

From: The role of exosomal PD-L1 in tumor progression and immunotherapy

Origin of Exosomes Target cells Tumor progression References
DC CTL Treg Th17 M2 NK Monocyte
Heat-stressed tumor cell      [20]
Hepatocellular carcinoma cell ↑↓     ↑↓ [21,22,23,24]
Malignant glioma cell       [25]
Leukemia cell      [26, 27]
RenCa cell        [28]
Gastric cancer cell       [29]
Melanoma cell        [16, 30, 31]
  1. Tumor progression includes: ↑promotion, ↓inhibition