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Table 1 Relationships between PDPN expression and clinicopathologic factors

From: Podoplanin expression in cancer-associated fibroblasts enhances tumor progression of invasive ductal carcinoma of the pancreas

Characteristics PDPN negative, n = 31 (29.5%) PDPN positive, n = 74 (70.5%) p Value
Lymphatic invasion No 11(35.5) 13(17.6) 0.0461*
Yes 20(64.5) 61(82.4)
Vascular invasion No 17(54.8) 21(28.4) 0.0101*
Yes 14(45.2) 53(71.6)
Tumor size <3 cm 23(74.2) 32(43.2) 0.0038*
≥3 cm 8(25.8) 42(56.8)
Histologic Grade G1/G2 20(64.5) 31(41.9) 0.0344*
G3 11(35.5) 43(58.1)
UICC pT1/pT2 8(25.8) 7(9.5) 0.0290*
T category pT3/pT4 23(74.2) 67(90.5)
UICC pN0 14(45.2) 20(27.0) 0.0701
N category pN1 17(54.8) 54(73.0)
UICC stage I 7(22.6) 5(6.8) 0.0642
II 23(74.2) 65(87.8)
III/IV 1(3.2) 4(5.4)
  1. Significant differences between samples are indicated as *P < 0.05. UICC, Union for International Cancer Control.