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Figure 3 | Molecular Cancer

Figure 3

From: Estrogenic or antiestrogenic therapies for multiple myeloma?

Figure 3

Schematic representation of apoptotic pathways triggered by 2ME2, 4HT and RU. Apoptosis induced by 2ME2 (in black) is mediated by the release of apoptogenic proteins cytochrome c and Smac from the mitochondria to the cytosol, followed by the activation of caspase-9, -8 and -3 [4]. The mitochondria intrinsic death pathway is also recruited by 4HT (in red) and RU (in blue): following the cytosolic release of cytochrome c, the caspase-9 is activated then the caspase-3 [11, 16] (Gauduchon et al, submitted). 4HT and RU treatments also lead to the activation of caspase-8 but we have not yet determined the mechanism of caspase-8 activation. However, we know that the three death receptors selectively expressed by MM cells, Fas, DR4 and DR5 [48] are not involved (data not shown).

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